The XXIth Gamow conference-school is devoted to:
– the 150th anniversary of the Astronomical Observatory of Odesa I.I.
Mechnikov National University;
– the 90th anniversary of the registration by K. Jansky of cosmic radio
emission and of the beginning of radio astronomy;
– the 60th anniversary of the beginning of the Era of space flights;
– the 125th anniversary of the Odessa astronomer V.S. Zhardetsky;
– the memory of Prof. A.D. Chernin, the member of the SOC and the
participants of all Gamow conferences-schools in Odesa.
Georgij (George) Antonovich Gamow is one of the greatest physicists and
cosmologists of the 20th century. Gamow made an important and decisive
contribution to modern physics, cosmology and biology. His three most
significant contributions to these fields are:
- He discovered the quantum nature of alpha-decay in nuclear physics (1928).
- He proposed the theory of the Hot Universe (1946-1953).
- He found the clue to the genetic code in biology (1954).
George Gamow was born in Odessa. Here, he leaved the secondary school and was for two years a student of the Novorossiisk University of Odessa. Wherever Gamow lived, he retained his character and his sharp Odessian humor. During the conference, participants will be able to visit the sights of Odessa, to see and feel its colour and to walk along the Gamow places described in his book “My World Line: an Informal Autobiography”.
1. Cosmology, gravitation, astroparticle physics, high energy physics.
2. Astrophysics and Subsection “Astroinformatics”
3. Radio astronomy
4. Sun, Solar activity, Solar-terrestrial relations and Astrobiology
5. Solar system and space environment
6. Biologic section “The Importance of Gamow’s Ideas for Biology in the 21st Century”
Cosmology, gravitation, astroparticle physics, high energy physics, astrophysics, plasma astrophysics, radio astronomy, solar activity, solar system, astrobiology, biology.
Scientific Oranizing Commitee
Co-chairs of SOC:
Members of SOC:
Local Oranizing Commitee
Chair: V.I. Truba (Rector of ONU)
Vice-Chair: M.I. Ryabov, V.P. Olyeynik
Secretary: A.A. Pilipenko
Members of LOC:
A.Yu. Burgazli, A.V. Chopovsky, T.I. Kabanova, A. Gorbunov, V. Komendant, N.I. Koshkin, L.S. Kudashkina, S.M. Melikyants, B.A. Murnikov, S.L. Strakhova, A.L. Sukharev, V.O. Yushenko, L.I. Sobitnyk.
The Conference agenda includes plenary talks (30-40 min), oral contributions (15-20 min), and posters – 1 page of the A1 format (60×84 cm) or up to 8 pages of the A4 format. For poster contributions, there will be also a possibility to present the
results orally – (5-10 min). All presentations have to be in English.
Plenary session to be held in conference halls (SPA hotel “Grand Marine”) will be equipped by multimedia projectors. Wi-Fi connection is available.
The plenary and section reports (only papers that were presented at the conference) of the conference will be published in the«Odessa Astronomical Publications» (http://oap.onu.edu.ua/) this year.
Detailed information about the format of publications will be provided in the 3-rd Announcement.
“My World Line” by George Gamow
1904 Born, March 4, Odessa, Ukraine
In his school days Gamow became very much interested in astronomy, examining the starry sky through a little telescope, his father’s present on the thirteenth birthday of his son. Gamow then decided to become a scientist and began his study of mathematics, physics, and astronomy.
1922-1923 Student at Novorossia University, Odessa
1923-1929 Student at University of Leningrad
After graduation from the University of Leningrad in 1926, he attended summer school in Gottingen and decided to see if the newly-formulated quantum theory, so successful in explaining the structure of the atom, could also be applied to the atomic nucleus. Through research he was able to explain the then-mysterious phenomenon of natural radioactivity as well as the experiments of Lord Rutherford on the induced transformation of light elements. On the basis of this research, Gamow received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Leningrad.
1928-1929 Fellow of Theoretical Physics Institute of the University of Copenhagen
Later, in Copenhagen, when he told Niels Bohr of his work, Bohr offered him a year at the Institute of Theoretical Physics on a stipend from the Royal Danish Academy. There Gamow proposed a hypothesis that atomic nuclei can be treated as little droplets of so-called “nuclear fluid.” These views led ultimately to the present theory of nuclear fission and fusion.
At this period Gamow also collaborated with F. Houtermans and R. Atkinson in attempts to apply his formula for calculating the rate of induced nuclear transformations to the so-called thermonuclear reaction in the interior of the Sun and other stars. This formula, originally applied only to astronomical topics, is now successfully used for designing H-bombs, as well as for studying the possibility of controlled thermonuclear reactions.
1929-1930 Rockefeller Fellow, Cambridge University
1930-1931 Fellow of Theoretical Physics Institute of the University of Copenhagen
1931 Married Lyubov Vokhminzeva; divorced 1956
1931-1933 Professor, University of Leningrad
Gamow spent a year working with Lord Rutherford at Cambridge, a second year in Copenhagen, and later became a professor at the University of Leningrad.
1933-1934 Fellow of Pierre Curie Institute, Paris. Visiting Professor, University of London
1934 Lecturer, University of Michigan
While attending the International Solvay Congress in Brussels, he was invited, in the summer of 1934, to lecture at the University of Michigan.
1934-1956 Professor, George Washington University, Washington, D.C.
During the early years in Washington he collaboratedwith Edward Teller on the theory of beta-decay, and formulated the so-called “Gamow-Teller Selection Rule for Beta Emission.”
While Gamow was in Washington he developed the theory of the internal structure of red giant stars. With Mario Schoenberg he developed the theory of the so-called Urca process; and, with Ralph Alpher, the theory of the origin of chemical elements by the process of successive neutron capture.
1956-1968 Professor, University Of Colorado
1968 George Gamow Passed Away at Age 64
The George Gamow Memorial Lectures were initiated by the Department of Physics and Mrs. Barbara Gamow after the death of her husband. The lecture series began in 1971 and is now maintained by a bequest to the Regents of the University of Colorado from the Will of Mrs. Barbara Gamow, who died in December 1975.